You can enter dates and times in all the fields that are specifically assigned to dates (date fields).
How you enter dates depends on the settings that have been selected in the Regional and Language Options window in the Control Panel. You can enter dates with or without separators.
The following sections describe how you can enter dates, times, datetimes, durations, date ranges, and how you use date formulas.
In a date field you can enter two, four, six, or eight digits:
If you enter only two digits, this is interpreted as the day, and it will add the month and the year of the work date.
If you enter four digits, this is interpreted as the day and the month, and it will add the year of the work date.
If the date you want to enter is in the range 01/01/1930 through 12/31/2029, you can enter the year with two digits; otherwise, enter the year with four digits.
You can also enter a date as a weekday followed by a week number and, optionally, a year (for example, Mon25 or mon25 means Monday in week 25).
Instead of entering a specific date, you can enter one of two codes.
This is today's date (the system date for the computer).
This is the work date. To define the work date, On the Application menu , choose Set Work Date. If you do not define a work date, the system date will be used as the work date.
You may want to use a work date if you have many transactions with a date other than today's date.
When you close a fiscal year, you can use closing dates to indicate that an entry is a closing entry. A closing date technically is between two dates, for example between Dec 31 and Jan 1.
To specify that a date is a closing date, put C just before the date: C123101.
When you enter times, you can insert any separator sign that you want between the units, but it is not required.
You do not have to write minutes, seconds, or AM/PM.
The following table lists the various ways in which times can be entered and how they are interpreted.
You must enter two digits for each unit of time if you do not enter a separator.
When you enter datetimes you must enter a space between the date and the time.
The following table lists the various ways in which you can enter datetimes and how they are interpreted.
11-current month-current year 12:00:00
11-12-current year 12:00:00
t or today
today's date 00:00:00
today's date actual time
today's date 10:30:00
today's date 03:03:03
w or workdate
the working date 00:00:00
m or Monday
Monday of the current week 00:00:00
tu or Tuesday
Tuesday of the current week 00:00:00
we or Wednesday
Wednesday of the current week 00:00:00
th or Thursday
Thursday of the current week 00:00:00
f or Friday
Friday of the current week 00:00:00
s or Saturday
Saturday of the current week 00:00:00
su or Sunday
Sunday of the current week 00:00:00
Tuesday of the current week 10:30:00
Tuesday of the current week 03:03:03
You enter a duration as a number followed by its unit of measure.
Here are some examples.
|Duration||Unit of measure|
6h 30 m
6 hrs 30 mins
6 hrs 30 mins
1 hr 30 mins
2d 6h 30m
2 days 6 hrs 30 mins
2d 6h 30m 56s 600ms
2 days 6 hrs 30 mins 56 secs 600 msecs
You can also enter a number and it is automatically converted to a duration. The number you enter is converted according to the default unit of measure that has been specified for the duration field.
To see what unit of measure is being used in a duration field, enter a number and see which unit of measure it is converted to.
The number 5 is converted to 5 hrs, if the unit of measure is hours.
Setting Date Ranges
You can set filters containing a start date and an end date to display only the data contained in that date range or time interval. Special rules apply to the way you set date ranges.
|Meaning||Sample expression||Entries included|
12 15 00
Only those posted on 12 15 00.
12 15 00..01 15 01
..12 15 00
Those posted on dates between and including 12 15 00 and 01 15 01.
Those posted on 12 15 00 or earlier.
12 15 00|12 16 00
Those posted on either 12 15 00 or 12 16 00. If there are entries posted on both days, they will all be displayed.
You can also combine the various format types.
|Sample expression||Entries included|
12 15 00|12 01 00..12 10 00
Entries posted either on 12 15 00 or on dates between and including 12 01 00 and 12 10 00.
..12 14 00|12 30 00..
Entries posted on 12 14 00 or earlier, or entries posted on 12 30 00 or later - that is, all entries except those posted on dates between and including 12 15 00 and 12 29 00.
Using Date Formulas
A date formula is a short, abbreviated combination of letters and numbers that specifies how to calculate dates. You can enter date formulas in various date calculation fields and in recurring frequency fields in recurring journals.
|In all data formula fields, one day is automatically included to cover today as the day when the period starts. Accordingly, if you enter 1W, for example, then the period is actually eight days because today is included. To specify a period of seven days (one true week) including the period starting date, then you must enter 6D or 1W-1D.|
Here are some examples of how date formulas can be used:
The date formula in the recurring frequency field in recurring journals determines how often the entry on the journal line will be posted.
The date formula in the Grace Period field for a specified reminder level determines the period of time that must pass from the due date (or from the date of the previous reminder) before a reminder will be created.
The date formula in the Due Date Calculation field determines how to calculate the due date on the reminder.
The date calculation formula can contain a maximum of 20 characters, both numbers and letters. You can use the following letters, which are abbreviations for time specifications.
You can construct a date formula in three ways.
The following example shows how current plus a time unit.
The following example shows how a number and a time unit. A number cannot be larger than 9999.
10 days from today
2 weeks from today
The following example shows how a time unit and a number.
The next 10th day of a month
The next 4th day of a week (Thursday)
The following example shows how you can combine these three forms as needed.
Current month + 10 days
The following example shows how you can use a minus sign to indicate a date in the past.
1 year ago from today
|If the location uses a base calendar, then the date formula that you enter in, for example, the Shipping Time field is interpreted according to the calendar working days. For example, a 1W means seven working days. For more information, see Base Calendar Card.|